All articles: http://krvestnik.ru/pub/2016/04/KNV-8.pdf
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF ENSURING THE LEGALITY OF PROVIDING STATE AND MUNICIPAL SERVICES TO SOCIALLY VULNERABLE CATEGORIES OF CITIZENS BY MEANS OF PROSECUTION ACTIVITY
The article deals with problems arising in the provision of public and municipal services to socially vulnerable categories of citizens, including those related to the imperfection of the legislation (e.g. absence in the Code of administrative offences of the Russian Federation of the administrative responsibility for violating the procedure of providing municipal services), as well as in the application of administrative responsibility provided by article 5.63 of the Code of administrative offences of the Russian Federation. Based on the analysis of Russian legislation and law enforcement practice measures to improve the work of prosecutors in this area are proposed.
Keywords: Prosecutor, socially vulnerable categories of citizens, administrative responsibility, provision of public and municipal services, supervision over the observance of citizens’ rights, prosecutorial response.
DECISIONS OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AS A SOURCE OF CIVIL PROCEDURAL LAW
The article is devoted research of the legal nature of decisions of The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation (hereinafter — CC RF), which he interprets the provisions of the Constitution or laws of the Russian Federation, and also decisions regarding the constitutionality of legislative acts. In the process of study of the subject, the author correlated the competence, the content and form of the activities of the authority of the constitutional control have the same characteristics of legislative acts. Giving the characteristic of the RF constitutional court, revealing his features, after a thorough analysis of its decisions, as well as taking recent research sources and publications on this issue, both domestic and foreign authors, judiciary practice and the civil procedure law, the author comes to the conclusion that the sources of law include only those decisions in which the constitutional court came to the conclusion that a particular law or normative act (partially or fully) does not meet the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Thus, according to the author, all decisions of the constitutional court, which he recognizes a particular norm of civil procedural law unconstitutional, are not only normative, but also are sources of civil procedural law.
Keywords: source; civil procedural law; civil procedure; decisions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation; normative legal act.
Farit Gabdrakhmanov, Ruslan Makarov, Sergey Matveev, Evgenia Prygunova
CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR FRAUD IN LENDING: PROBLEMS OF ENFORCEMENT
In article on the basis of the analysis of special literature and court practice considers the problems associated with the qualification of fraud in lending (article 159.1 of the criminal code), the delimitation of related offences.
The analysis of the application of article 159.1 of the criminal code of the Russian Federation revealed the ambiguity of approaches of researchers and legal professionals in matters of determination of legal concepts, objective and subjective signs of a crime, in separating it from adjoining structures. For example, this refers to the content of the concepts of «submission of knowingly false and (or) unreliable information», «money», «lending» or establish any guilty intent on stealing money, etc.
The greatest difficulties faced by the judicial practice, related with the necessity to determine the type of participation and qualification of actions of accomplices of a crime, including not possessing signs of the special subject. The authors believe that the definition of the word «borrower» in civil and criminal legal value do not match. Disposition of part 2 of article 159.1 of the criminal code provides the offence by the special entity (borrower) to a group of persons upon a preliminary collusion, goes beyond the common understanding of the doctrine of complicity. Meanwhile, the practice of applying art. 159.1 of the criminal code allows for qualification of actions of accomplices of a crime, including a special entity (the borrower), as committed by a group of persons upon a preliminary collusion. Obviously, this doctrinal complexity of the plan needed clarification of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation.
The study used a dialectical-materialist, comparative-legal, theoretical, applied and formal legal methods.
Keywords: criminal law, crimes against property, fraud, lending, 159.1 of the criminal code.
THE LEGAL NATURE OF TECHNICAL REGULATIONS IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
Article is devoted to questions of legal support of quality of goods, works and services, the legal nature of technical regulations, procedure of development and adoption of technical regulations in the Kyrgyz Republic. The analysis of standard and legal base in this area is carried out.
Keywords: quality of goods (works and services), legal support, technical regulation, technical regulations, production, obligatory requirements.
LEGAL NATURE OF THE CONTRACT OF INSURANCE IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
In article are considered the legal nature of the contract of insurance. Contract of insurance one of the most important and most important instruments of civil regulation. Major importance of the contract is reduced to regulation within the law of behavior of people by the instruction on limits of their possible and due behavior, and is equal also a consequence of violation of relevant requirements.
Keywords: Kyrgyz Republic, Civil code, contract of insurance, insurance premiums, protection and interests of citizens, insurer, insurer, insurance payment, insurance premium.
DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTE OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
In article is considered historical and legal aspects of development of institute of legal profession in the Kyrgyz Republic. The author analyzes a number of reforms, the most important of which is fixing at the legislative level of existence of independent, self-governed, uniform national Legal profession.
Keywords: The Kyrgyz Republic, legal profession, lawyer, advocacy, legal aid, аssociation, justice, legal proceedings.
LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLATION OF NORMS ON LABOR PROTECTION IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
This paper analyzes the scientific position on the question of concepts, entities of legal liability and its importance in the workplace. Produced a comprehensive study of national legislation in the sphere of legal responsibility for violations of rules on labor protection in the Kyrgyz Republic, the estimation of the modern condition. In conclusion, the findings and suggestions of the author in order to improve the regulation of labor relations by the legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic.
Key words: legal liability and its types, sanctions, health and safety, employee, employer, government coercion.
EVOLUTION OF LEGAL FORMS OF INSURANCE
In article are considered history of emergence of insurance. Insurance upon individual forms of business passes to collective forms, first of all in the form of joint-stock company. The author considers insurance as important sector in a world and national financial system. It is also noted that the insurance market of Kyrgyzstan is developing, but doesn’t play an essential role yet in national economy as is at an average stage of development.
Keywords: Kyrgyz Republic, insurance, emergence history, protection, insurance relations, types of insurance, insurance market, losses, activity of insurance companies.
Inna V. Mitrofanova, Nikolay P. Ivanov, Inna A. Mitrofanova
STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS FOR ACCELERATED, BALANCED AND COMPETITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ECONOMIC COMPLEX OF THE STAVROPOL REGION
In the article within the comparative analysis tendencies of functioning of the economic complex of a number of regions of the South of Russia in recent years are revealed. The potential of modernization of the economy of Stavropol Krai is presented. The influence of the organizational and administrative innovations on the activity and efficiency of use in practice of territorial management of institutes of economic development is shown.
Realization of the administrative capacity of bodies of the regional power of Stavropol Krai is mainly connected with the development of the production sector of the region. The monitoring and the management of regional economy become basic elements of the creation of a diversified, effective and competitive environment focused on the creation in the region of industrial complexes which produce finished final products.
Key words: quasi corporation, regional economy, territorial specificity, organizational and managerial innovations, diversified industrial complex, interregional comparison, interregional cluster structures.
JEL classification codes: O 018, R 120, R 230, R 380
Larisa Kravchenko, Antonina Radko
MIGRATION CAPITAL AS A FACTOR OF FORMATION OF THE FINANCIAL POTENTIAL OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY
The article the main scientific approaches to determining the financial potential and factors of its formation; the definition of migration capital, the author analyses modern tendencies of movement. It is proved that the remittances of labour migrants have a significant impact on the formation of financial capacity as the host country and exporting countries of labor force. Listed on potential socio-economic threats, which may be due to excessive attraction of migration capital into donor countries of labor migration and its outflow from the donor countries, the migration of capital; the necessity of state regulation of migration processes.
Keywords: capital migration, remittances, migrant workers, potential, financial potential, state regulation.
JEL classification codes: F 220, J 610, E 220
THE COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS OF TOURIST SECTORS OF ECONOMY OF REGIONS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CRIMEAN FEDERAL DISTRICT, THE KRASNODAR AND STAVROPOL KRAI)
The article presents the methodology of competitive analysis of the tourism sector of the regional economy, where in addition to the factors affecting its competitiveness, as the main object for comparison acts as a regional tourist product, its structure and parameters, including the state of demand.
Keywords: regional economy, tourism, tourism sector, competitiveness, competitive analysis, regional tourism product, options competitive analysis.
JEL classification code: L 830, O 018, R 190
ROLE OF CLUSTER AND INDUSTRIAL POLICY FOR CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT
The article discusses various aspects of cluster policy. Author made comparative analysis of the cluster policy and industrial policy. In article various of scientific views about the role of the state in the development of clusters and cluster policy types. It is shown that cluster policy should be based on natural processes of self-organizing clusters. Cluster policy must include stimulus measures, which should correspond to the level of development and the driving forces of the cluster.
Keywords: cluster, the cluster approach, cluster policy, industrial policy.
JEL classification code: L 510, O 250
DAILY DYNAMICS VOLUME AND PRICES OF OIL BRENT AND IMPACT ON FINANCIAL CAPACITY OF THREE FACTORS
According to the factual data Daily average price difference between the maximum and minimum price and sales volume given the laws of dynamics from 02.03.2007 to 02.24.2016 on the example of Brent crude oil. Additionally, take into account a new parameter in the form of financial capacity as the product of daily sales at the average price of oil. Because of the strong fluctuations in sales factor analysis was conducted on the highs of sales in the form of the envelope of the dynamic range of the line with the 02.03.2007 on 04.04.2016. It is possible to obtain statistical vysokoadekvatnye single-factor and three-factor model, which allowed to analyze the behavior of the world oil market in the past and show the ability to forecast with a decrease and stabilization of sales of oil. Provides detailed laws of graphics.
Keywords: Oil Brent; volume of sales; average price; financial capacity; Daily dynamics; fluctuations; laws
JEL classification codes: F 170, F 310, F 340
BLACK SEA YAHTING: POSSIBILITES AND LIMITATIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
The article discusses some of the issues associated with the international practice of registration of foreign-yacht in the Black Sea ports of Russia. The development of nautical tourism in the Republic of the Crimea is given special attention. Russian Government is developing a program of creation of favorable conditions for development of yachting in the coastal areas of the Russian Federation. However, the legislation of the Russian Federation governing the yachts passing through the state border of the Russian Federation has not yet fully in line with international standards. Therefore, consideration of international practice, foreign-design yacht is relevant for the sustainable development of nautical tourism in the Crimea.
Keywords: commission, the ship’s agent, ship’s documents, crew list, ship ticket, transit log, yacht, yachting.
JEL classification code: L 830, L 920, O 290
Sergey Klevtsov, Alexandra Tevyashova
ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA
To the real article the combined economic indicators of Republic of Crimea are driven, during an analysis and research the industrial and общегеографические benefits of entry are reflected in the complement of Russian Federation, advantages are summarized from this union for every side, comparison of financial and economic position of Republic is produced to the mentioned event and on the real moment of time, the general estimation of economic potential of Crimea is reflected.
Keywords: the economic state, macroeconomic index, industry, diversification, modernisation, regional pattern, level of industrial production, potential.
JEL classification code: L 60, O 13, R 11
E. Q. Mamedova, A. I. Mirgeydarov
ISSUED OF IMPROVEMENT OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY OF THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY OF AZERBAIJAN
This article examines the theoretical basis of innovation, studied the peculiarities of formation of innovation development in the Republic of Azerbaijan. In addition, we analyze the innovation activity in the oil and gas industry of the Republic, and summarizes the features of the innovative activities of the industry. In the end, developed a number of conclusions and proposals for improvement of innovative activity, as studied in the industry and the whole economy. In the article above information about the formation and development of innovation progress in Azerbaijan Republic is given. Furthermore, the potential of oil industry’s innovation is analyzed.
Keywords: innovation potential, productive innovation, efficiency of methods of influence on the formation bottom-hole zone wells, flow capacity
JEL classification codes: O 310. O 320
Hossein Akbari Radzhabali
EFFECTS OF PRIVATIZATION TO IMPROVE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AND EFFICIENCY OF STATE ENTERPRISES IN IRAN
In accordance with Article 44 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Iranian economy is made up of three separate parts: state, cooperative and private. The public sector includes all major industries, mines, roads, rails and more. The cooperative sector includes cooperatives operating in the field of production and distribution. The private sector includes companies and private producers, industry, construction and other services and commercial activities in which the public sector and to co-operate. As a result, the private sector plays a very important role. The impact of privatization through economic analysis and statistical surveys. (The difference between before and after privatization). This study evaluated the effectiveness of privatization through the financial performance of companies privatized between 1999 to 2008 were tested. To achieve this, the number of 13 companies were selected that were privatized between 2007 and 2014. Then, about four dependent variables were studied. Privatization, as well as the independent variable were calculated. These studies were examined on the basis of a statistical method used to test hypotheses and annual financial statements. The results showed that privatization is the combined effect on the performance of the companies surveyed. The privatization program will also have a positive impact on the company’s financial performance, such as the EVA, operating cash flow and return on equity and return on investment does not affect the speed.
Keywords: privatization, economic value added, return on equity, cash flow, financial performance of companies, economic analysis, statistical data, sost of capital, sapital employed.
Timur Vezirov, Elena Kostina
ACADEMIC MOBILITY OF INTENDED BACHELORS AND MASTERS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE UNIVERSITY’S INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION ENVIRONMENT
Some pedagogical issues of the university’s information and communication environment for establishing academic mobility of the intended bachelors and masters of pedagogical education are discussed in the article. The principles and factors of bachelor and master-degree students’ academic mobility to find the relevant forms of training in the information and communication environment of the university are emphasized. The Internet and original electronic resources to establish academic mobility in the conditions of information and communication environment are proposed.
Keywords: academic mobility, intended bachelors and masters, the university’s information and communication environment, electronic educational editions.
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES OF INDIVIDUAL EDUCATIONAL ROUTES DESIGNING THE FUTURE TEACHER PRIMARY EDUCATION
The article summed up the analysis of the outstanding Russian and foreign scientists for the design and implementation in the educational process of individual educational routes. We consider the system, axiological, student-centered and competence-based approaches as a methodological basis of designing individual educational route of the future teacher of primary education.
Keywords: individual educational routes, individual educational trajectory, future primary school teacher, systematic approach, axiological approach, student-centered approach, competence approach.
CONTEMPORARY CONDITION OF THE PROBLEM OF PROFESSIONAL-METHODICAL FORMATION COMPETENCE OF FUTURE TEACHERS OF PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS BY ONLINE COMMUNITIES TOOLS
In the article the questions of the present stage of development of professional education in the Russian Federation during the consideration of which, it is evident that one of the most important component of professional competence of future teachers of pre-school education is the extent of his readiness to use modern information technologies in their professional activities.
One of the main means of formation of the psychological basis of the study competence should be allocated to a network community. Today it is impossible to imagine educational space without modern information technologies and means of telecommunication. They open up entirely new possibilities of education and communication, and, therefore, have considerable educational potential.
Keywords: professional competences, professional-methodical competence, the teacher of pre-school education, online community, Internet, networking, user-defined functions, innovative thinking.
INSTITUTIONAL FORMS OF INTERNATIONAL SCHOOLS:
ADVANTAGES AND MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
The article contains the review of institutional forms of a new type of educational establishments called International school. The attention is focused on three main aspects: historical background, mission and specifics. Regarding the leading nets of International schools the author highlights the advantages of International schools in comparison with typical schools and lists the main directions of development for existing institutional forms.
Keywords: globalization, international school, international baccalaureate, bilingual education, intercultural education.
ECONOMY AND PEDAGOGY OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AND RURAL AREA
SECURITY DEHKAN (FARMER) ECONOMY OF TECHNICS AND INSTRUMENTS
The article discusses the availability of dehkan (farmer) economy of technical and instruments. The reform of the agrarian sector in Tajikistan provides comprehensive restructuring of agricultural production, development multistructure agriculture, the diversity of farm-tion and state protectionism in relation to agro-lennomu complex, razvitiya cooperation and integration. With the transition to a market economy and the reorganization of collective and state farms on their basis creates a new form of management — dehkan (farmer) economy.
Key words: agriculture, dekhkan (individual) farms, agricultural products, agricultural enterprises, agricultural machinery, material-technical equipment, farms.
Agris subject code: E 20, E 21
JEL classification code: Q 120, M 400
Svetlana Smirnova, Anna Elagina
THE GENESIS OF INNOVATIVE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS: RUSSIAN AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE
The article considers the problem of the Genesis of scientific bases of creation of innovation industrial clusters in the agricultural sector and the food industry on the basis of international experience, as well as scientific studies on the formation of industrial clusters. As a result, identified the key features of formation of innovative agro-industrial clusters. Based on the conducted analysis, formulated the conclusion about the role of government regulation for the formation of the institutional conditions of the Genesis of innovative agro-industrial clusters.
Keywords: Innovative agro-industrial clusters, real economy, state regulation, national economy, regional economy, system analysis.
JEL classification code: D 620, O 018
Agris category code: E10, E40
Svetlana Tolkacheva, Alexander Matyukhin
FEATURES DIVERSIFICATION OF ENTERPRISES OF FOOD INDUSTRY
In the article the peculiarities and directions of diversification of the food industry, necessary for development of food, creation of preconditions for economic growth and competitiveness on domestic and foreign markets, achieve the required level of import substitution in the food sector. Installed the prerequisites, motives and goals of diversification of activity of the enterprises.
Keywords: diversification of production, efficiency of production diversification, food security.