All articles, part 1: http://krvestnik.ru/pub/2017/02/KNV-13-1.pdf
Tatyana Ivanova, Nikita Pereverzev
COMPONENTS OF THE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT: INFRASTRUCTURE OF CREDIT RELATIONS FOR THE SMALL AND AVERAGE ENTREPRENEURSHIP
The analysis of dynamic ranks on development of infrastructure of credit relations of a small and average entrepreneurship (MSP) as a component of a regional strategic development is carried out. The potential of upgrade of the specified relations pledged in «The strategy of development for a small and average entrepreneurship in the Russian Federation for the period till 2030» is analysed. Need in case of development of the directions of impact planned in it on MSP is proved to consider specifics of functioning of the entities of various stages of lifecycle.
It is shown that increase in effectiveness of implementation of impact of infrastructure of credit relations on activization of activities of MSP is mainly connected with creation from the state and local government bodies of system of support in case of deterioration in a financial condition of the entities. It can be based on the analysis of opportunities of recovery of demand for the made products, works, services, participations in the cooperative communications created with the participation of economy regulators.
Key words: infrastructure of credit relations, small and average entrepreneurship, strategy of development for a small and average entrepreneurship, infrastructure of support of a small and average entrepreneurship, credits, demography of the organizations.
JEL classification codes: M 130, M 200
Larisa Shakhovskaya, Anna Bezlepkina
INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS OF REGIONS AS A KEY FACTOR OF ATTRACTING FOREIGN INVESTMENTS
The article deals with the economic category of «investment attractiveness» as an attractive factor for foreign investment in the Russian market. Favorable investment climate — a priority direction of the Russian’s economy development — in production and non-production sphere, getting extraprofit, the development of metropolitan regions and peripheral cities.
Keywords: investments, investment attractiveness, investment climate, foreign direct investment, accumulated foreign investments in Russian Federation.
Larisa Kravchenko, Antonina Radko
PROBLEMS OF MACROECONOMIC REGULATION IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION
The article analyzes the essence and the main forms of manifestation of globalization, which forms the main trends of world development of countries in modern conditions, characterized by some of the trends and also identifies the main instruments of macroeconomic regulation, which synchronizes the development of the economy at the national and supranational levels and the use of which can provide increase of efficiency of functioning of the economy.
Key words: globalization, macroeconomic management, globalization risks, national economy, import substitution.
JEL classification codes: С 820, E 210, E 230, F 010
STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS OF ALIGNMENTECONOMIC LEVEL OF REGIONS (ON THE EXAMPLE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN)
In the article the analysis of the main provisions of the decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 16 January 2017. No. 13 On approving the fundamentals of state policy of regional development of the Russian Federation for the period till 2025 discusses the strategic direction of equalizing the economic level of regions through the lens of growth poles, encouraging the regions to increase their own economic potential and innovative activity in the Republic of Tatarstan. The paper discusses the capabilities and limitations of existing institutional models for the formation and implementation of strategic goals of innovative development of the region.
Key words: economic gap, regional differentiation, «growth poles», innovation development, economic growth, entrepreneurial activity, economic alignment level.
JEL classification codes: O 018, O 220
THE VALUE OF PHYSICAL CULTURE IN TRAINING SPECIALISTS FOR RAILWAY TRANSPORT
Reducing the size and amount of physical activity in professional, everyday life activities entail the reduction of efficiency and increase of various diseases. Aerobics classes have a positive effect on the development of physical qualities, functional systems of the body and emotional state of the student. Allowing you to achieve the following tasks: strengthening and preservation of health, prevention of occupational diseases, increase of level of physical preparedness and efficiency, the formation of the need for systematic physical training.
Key words: physical culture, performance, health, aerobic, physical activity.
Ivan Cherevko, Sergei Nikonovich, Valeriy Beketov
A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO THE PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT OF THE INVESTIGATOR ON A PERSON BEING INTERROGATED
The subject of the research is an interaction with a person being interrogated organized by an investigator with the use of his interests, needs and other individual-mental features, his reinforcement, which must be done through secretive, invisible influence in an organized situation encouraging to do deeds desirable for investigation. The object of the research is interrogation as the most psychologized investigative action. The methodological basis of the research is made by the systematic and logical approach aimed at neutralization of watchfulness of the interrogated, penetration into his inner world influencing both rational and irrational spheres of mental make-up, actualization of the unity of understanding and experience. In this research general scientific and specific scientific methods of cognition are used. General scientific methods of the research are represented by systemic structural, comparative, formal and legal, statistical methods. The approach to the psychological impact on a person being interrogated as a systemic phenomenon has enabled to develop a conceptual model presented in the form of a diagram made up of four blocks reflecting emotional background sources of interrogation procedures, the interrogated case, interaction and basic methods of psychological influence, the leading of which is persuasion. Suggestion is purposeful influence on feelings and volitional pressure acts as pressure maintenance, complementary, used depending on the situational behaviour of the interrogated. Methods of implementation of each of these methods of psychological influence are also considered in this article.
Keywords: interaction, influence, personalization, rationality, irrationality, method, persuasion, suggestion, volitional pressure.
THE DETERMINATION OF CRIMES OF CORRUPTION
Article is devoted to determination of starting conceptual positions of a concept and signs of corruption. In article it is noted that qualification of this type of crimes is rather difficult. To a basis of a corruption crime the illegal transaction having criminal character constitutes. The government employee, having the rights and obligations of the government employee, he sells to other persons that he by right doesn’t belong to it. The corruption crime becomes result of this transaction. It always has mercenary character and is made for the sake of receipt of benefit of property nature. Corruption in the state has system nature.
Keywords: corruption, concept and signs of corruption, system nature, concept of a corruption crime.