Elena Golovchanskaya, Larisa Shakhovskaya
FUNCTIONS OF INSTITUTIONS WITHIN THE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF INNOVATIVE ECONOMY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS
The article examines and identifies the functions of institutions in the institutional environment of innovative economy of the Republic of Belarus. From this point of view the following functions can be identified: limiting function, functions of coordination, distribution, promotion, information, education, integration, systematization. The relationship between institutional environment and institutional infrastructure is also determined.
Key words: institutional environment, economic institution, the functions of institutions, innovative development
JEL classification codes: O 170, O 330
BRAND AND ECONOMIC IDENTITY OF REGIONAL ACTORS
The article deals with theoretical approaches to the concept of «brand» from the standpoint of its functional orientation and the concept of «economic identity» as a process of self-determination and self-positioning of the regional society, what has allowed to reveal their relationship and social role for regional actors.
Key words: territorial brand, economic identity, image of the territory, the competitiveness of the region
JEL classification codes: O 018
FACTORS OF LABOR ACTIVITIES IN THE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES
The paper solved scientific problem classification purposes agrarian and industrial complex enterprises employees. Allocated professional, environmental, personal, creative, financial and reproductive goals of building a career in the enterprise of agriculture. The implementation of these goals in the employment process and implementation of the career allows the employee to achieve greater productivity and long-term retain young specialists in the enterprise of agrarian and industrial complex.
Keywords: Modernization of personnel management, agricultural enterprise, labor in enterprise of agrarian and industrial complex, target-setting
JEL classification codes: J 210, J 430
Sergey Bazhenov, Elena Bazhenova
ECONOMIC IDENTITY OF THE SOUTH-RUSSIAN REGIONS: RESULTS OF EMPIRICAL RESEARCH
The article presents the results of the interdisciplinary expert survey «Bottom-up: how the economic identity of the region is manifested in the socio-economic behavior of the individual.» His goal was to detect and record the effects of an economic identity of the region in socio-economic behavior of individuals in various regions of six Federal districts of the Russian Federation. The article focuses on the results of the survey obtained in the regions of the South of Russia, such as the regions of the North Caucasus.
The article presents the methodology, describes the technology survey and analysis of obtained results. The authors also draw conclusions about cross-cultural differences in models of economic behavior of the studied ethnic and cultural groups in the South-Russian regions. They show the relationship of economic phenomena of identity and models of economic behavior with social and cultural factors. The nature of these linkages varies among the representatives of different groups, and when we define economic identity, then the factor of religious affiliation less important than the factor of ethnicity.
Keywords: economic identity, region, regional development, expert interviews, interdisciplinary approach
JEL classification codes: O 018, O 200
Vitaly Belousov, Nona Gubnelova
BRAND OF THE REGION AS AS AN ASPECT OF ITS ECONOMIC IDENTITY
The article deals with semantic characteristics of the concepts of «competitiveness», «image» and «brand» in the context of the economic identity of the region.
Social well-being, self-identification, adaptation, attitudes within the regional system and other characteristics determine the economic identity in the mass consciousness ideas about the uniqueness of the region’s population, which is a key aspect of the formation of a positive image and brand territory.
Keywords: region, competitiveness, image, brand, economic identity of the region, competitive advantages, branding benefits, the competitive identity, branding
EDUCATION AS BASIS OF FORMATION OF «NEW PRODUCTIVE FORCES» IN POST-INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY
Search of trajectories of transformation of domestic economy and society, in aspect of transition to a post-industrial stage of development, is actual and significant for today. In the author presented to article it is reasoned that synchronous formation of the «new productive forces» adequate to the formed relations of production in post-industrial society has to become the main imperative of development of domestic economy. Taking into account conceptual results of the political economic, evolutionary and institutional economic theory, the author put forward and proved situation that the new productive forces serving subsequently as basis for formation of relations of production adequate to them in borders of a post-industrial stage of development, have to be formed in sectors of generation of knowledge, thus the special part is assigned to educational sector. In the conclusion the main conclusions on the conducted research are systematized.
Key words: education, productive forces, relations of production, intellectual capital, sectors of generation of knowledge
THE EVOLUTION OF FISCAL POLICY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE EU
The article discusses the main stages of the evolution of fiscal policy in the European Union since its creation to the present time. The author outlines the main features of fiscal policy in each phase and its direction. The author shows the problems of the present stage of development of the budgetary policy of the EU and some directions for their mitigation for sustainable development.
Key words: EU, EU fiscal policy, the stages of budgetary policy
JEL classification codes: H 610, H 620
PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF PHYSICAL FITNESS OPTIMIZATION OF THE CRIMEA REGIONS STUDENTS
The article discusses the level of physical preparedness of students. Physical fitness was determined by the method of testing. The study involved 240 youths in the economic University, living in different regions of Crimea. It is revealed that the introduction of innovative pedagogical educational technologies improve the physical training of students.
Keywords: students, physical education, tests, regions of the Crimea, physical fitness
SITUATIONAL PROJECTION IN THE SYSTEM OF PREVENTION OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOR OF ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG PEOPLE
In the article the existing interpretations of the concepts «projection» and «pedagogical projection» are examined, justified the author’s approach to determining the nature of the situational projection as a means of preventing deviant behavior of youth. The article contains the analysis of pedagogical experience in the application of situational projection for the prevention of offences of the students in the Center of education №2, Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic.
Keywords: situational projection, prevention, deviant behavior, teenagers, youth, students
COURT AS SUBJECT OF CIVIL PROCEDURAL LEGAL RELATIONSHIP
The article discusses the question of the legal position of the court in civil proceedings. The analysis of the different positions of scholars regarding the legal position of the court. It is concluded that a mandatory subject of civil procedural legal relationships the court acts as a single public authority, vested with the administration of justice, are implemented with consideration and permission of civil cases in the order of the first instance and in appeal, cassation and supervising production and revision of judicial decisions entered into legal force on new circumstances.
Keywords: court, civil procedural legal relationship, combination of individual and join consideration, the higher courts, purposes and objectives of civil process
THE ACADEMIC COMMUNITY OF RUSSIA IN THE DISCUSSION OF THE PROBLEMS OF INTERDISCIPLINARITY: RESULTS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE «INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE MODERN HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES»
ECONOMY, PEDAGOGY AND LAW OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AND RURAL AREA
THE METHODOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THE ANTIMONOPOLY COMPLIANCE IMPLEMENTATION IN THE ACTIVITIES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS: THE CASE OF FOOD PRICE DISCRIMINATION
Price discrimination by large firms in the food markets is not in itself unethical practice, or contrary to the ethical standards of doing business, it makes such additional conditions, which primarily includes assessment of direct and indirect damage from such actions. The most problematic area of implementation of antitrust compliance is to establish whether the higher price for more affluent or lower price to the less affluent consumers is unethical. To assess the ethics of price discrimination requires the rethinking of the categories of damages the consumer and the mechanism of its establishment and the assessment of liability for its use.
Key words: antitrust compliance, food crisis, price discrimination, market of food, the ethics of market behavior of the firm
Agris subject codes: E10, E14
INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES OF RURAL LIBRARIES IN RUSSIA
Currently, the presence of norms of provision of population with cultural organizations, fixed by government Order «About Social standards and norms». It is shown that despite the existence of certain norms that characterize the security of our population public libraries, they are only 63% (2014). The paper shows the increased state support of rural libraries and librarianship in rural areas. However, the results of the analysis concerning the dynamics of the number of libraries in the village reflect the situation that requires additional government support for libraries in General, and particularly libraries in rural areas.
In addition to creating catalogues of the cultural heritage of the peoples of our country and directory elements of traditional rural architecture, it is necessary to place these resources on the Internet, possibly in the framework of the project National digital library, with mandatory promoting these resources. These measures will not only promote rural culture, but also to facilitate research in the study of rural and village culture of different peoples of our country.
Key words: rural libraries, socio-cultural institutions, ethnic needs, social needs, public support
Agris subject codes: E50, E51
FOOD SUPPLY TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE: THE CASE OF AIR TRANSPORT
The infrastructure development of providing hub airports with food is limited by the necessity of thorough control of suppliers with the purpose to prevent antiterrorist threats and reducing risks of food poisoning of passengers. While planning this activity in the Russian hub airports one needs to focus on the presence of the usual international passengers’ fast food chains, and also consider a national component. Modern airports get 10% profit from the organization of the land air transportation service. While designing new and reconstructing old airports it is necessary to assess the possibilities of their infrastructure food provision, that may bring up to 50% profit of their activity. The models of providing hub airports with food are revealed. These are food supplies, similar to provision of the sector of public catering outside transport terminal, which can be done in a centralized mode or by suppliers, having a specialized access to these activities; delivery of finished products, sealed and certified in a special manner; “module deliveries” — deliveries of partially finished products and products.
Keywords: models of food providing, international experience, food service, public catering
JEL classification codes: L 930
Agris subject categories: E 21, E 40, E 70
DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATING ENVIRONMENT IN RURAL SCHOOL
The paper shows that regardless of the model type of school educational system the main purpose of the educational activities of the school is to educate the person capable to shape attitudes aimed at creating a decent lifestyle. Also the school has to ensure the creation of favorable condi¬tions for the development of self-knowledge, self-improvement, self-realization of the child; the formation of the psychological climate of security; use of the principles of humanistic pedagogy and pedagogy of cooperation; maintaining, strengthening, as well as the introduc¬tion of new school traditions, the creation of a special «spirit» of the school; the formation an integrated evidence-based picture of the world, civic consciousness and love for their home¬land; creating a culture of healthy lifestyles; familiarizing the child with universal values, the formation of values. All this requires the provision of educational, psychological and social assistance and support.
Keywords: Educating environment, rural school, pedagogy, psychology, education methods, educating systems
Agris subject code: С10
A NORMATIVE REGULATION OF THE ANTIMONOPOLY REGULATION OF FOOD MARKETS IN THE EU
The food crises of 2007 and 2010 led to the transformation of modern antimonopoly regulation in member states of the European Union. It is currently focused on the evaluation of the impact of global food prices, regulations becoming more and more detailed with a view to dealing more effectively with violations of the antimonopoly legislation. However, the norms of these normative acts contravene the provisions of antimonopoly regulation. The author point out that there is a conflict between the provisions of Article 39 of the Treaty on European Union, which determines the general directions of agricultural policy in the European Union, and the provisions of Articles 101 and 102, which determine the types of unacceptable market behaviour of producers of goods and services. In order to construct a legal model of the antimonopoly regulation of food markets, it is necessary to determine the cases in which anticompetitive behaviour of participants in agrofood markets is considered to be permissible.
Keywords: Food markets, antimonopoly regulation, EU law, food crisis, prices for food products, anticompetitive agreements
Agris subject categories: E 10, E 40
LAW REGULATION OF FOOD PRICES
The political process of Russia’s integration into international organizations such as the world trade organization, the Customs and Eurasian economic unions requires compliance with national legislation commitments. On this basis, the next step in the evolution of state regulation of prices and prices in our country will be further adaptation of the legal framework regarding this aspect, according to international acts. It should be noted that activities in this direction include the bringing into full compliance of Russian legislation with the requirements of the Treaty on the Eurasian economic Union, in terms of state regulation of prices.
The evolution of legal models of regulation of pricing on food indicates that equal and full liberalization of food prices, and the establishment of strict control are not effective legal model, since the first leads to increased monopolization and price increases in local markets, and the second limits the possibilities of innovative development of the agricultural sector and leads to a deficiency. Thus, we conclude that the development of the legal model must take into account the peculiarities of modern stage of development of the food market, primarily the increased market power of retailers.
Key words: regulation of food prices, food prices, legal model, state regulation, agricultural producers
Agris subject codes: E 21, E 30